The stomach is a muscular sac that is important for absorbing food and preparing food for further digestion.
Myotomy is referred to a surgical procedure which is characterized by cutting of a muscle. The most common example of myotomy is a procedure called Heller myotomy, which is a procedure used to treat a medical condition termed as achalasia. Achalasia is characterized by incomplete relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter or cardia creating problems with swallowing of both liquid and solid foods. The procedure is done laparoscopically under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the muscles of the lower esophageal sphincter are cut, thereby, allowing the foods to pass through the sphincter to the stomach. Under normal circumstances with no complications patients can start taking liquid diet on the same day of the surgery and solid diet after 2-3 days. The patient is discharged from the hospital after two to three days and can return to work within a week?s time. However, heavy lifting and strenuous exercise should be avoided for at least eight weeks after the surgery is performed.